Trade Openness Indicators

The trade openness indicators make it possible to analyze the extent to which the Brazilian economy is integrated into the global economy. They measure, for example, the importance of foreign sales for Brazilian industry and the share of imports in Brazil’s domestic consumption. These are annual indicators that are compiled based on statistics of the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and the Secretariat of Foreign Trade in the Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (Secex/MDIC). The historical series starts in 1996. The publication is the result of a partnership between CNI and the Foundation Center for Foreign Trade Studies (FUNCEX).


Imports gain ground in domestic market

The Brazilian industry has lost share to foreign competitors in the domestic market. The import penetration ratio, which measures the share of imports in domestic consumption, posted its second consecutive annual increase in 2018. The imported input share has also increased, while the export to output ratio has remained stable.

Number 01 - 2019

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