Brazil has a steel producer complex consisting of 29 plants. The installed capacity is double of the domestic consumption. Therefore, there is clear focus on exports. Domestic production fluctuates according to the global economic momentum, and for 6 years it is ranging between 33 and 36 million tons per year. However, exports have been growing, reaching the 6th position in the world.
The two industry sectors that absorb most of the production are Civil Construction and Automobile. This creates the need for expertise in specific alloys and different forming processes.
Steel consumption has remained constant nationally based on the infrastructure works in the country and on the planning of at least up to 2020.
In non-ferrous metals, highlighting aluminium, an increase over the past 15 years at a rate of 3.9% per year, driven by increased use of it (replacement materials - conformation) and recycling, especially packaging. Brazil is world record holder in recovery of aluminium cans, and out of 1.000 units sold, only 20 are not recycled.
The zinc material essential for the production of stainless steel and the galvanizing process, which, in turn, are critical in many applications, has a highly polarized chain in Sao Paulo. There are currently no companies capable of this process in the Central Western and Northern regions.
Migrating to the class of ceramics, the Glass world market suffered retraction at the end of the 90s by replacing products with plastic. At the beginning of the millennium, with the economic acceleration and the growth of civil construction, the domestic market revived, growing close to the GDP rate (3% per year), a trend that should be maintained, according to the Brazilian Technical Association Of Automatic Glass Industries (Abividro). However, currently there are great opportunities in the recycling industry, with strong commercial appeal to the fact that glass is 100% recyclable, unlike other materials where there are a number of sanitary restrictions related to reuse them.
The cement market follows the trends in line construction, with special emphasis on the technological level of domestic industry, considered as one of the most modern in the world. This is reflected in the Brazilian cement applications not only in buildings but also in technical and engineering applications such as blast furnaces, for example. All this makes the Brazilian product attractive for export.
Also, very linked to the construction sector and the increased purchasing power, are the Coated Ceramics, Sanitary, Decoratives and others.